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Nathan B. Stubblefield
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Nathan B. Stubblefield
(November 22, 1860 - March 28, 1928)

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• • Nathan B. Stubblefield (November 22, 1860 - March 28, 1928) was an American inventor, Educator and Founder of Teléph-on-délgreen Industrial School.
Born in Callaway County, Murray, Kentucky. Nathan was raised in Murray in a strict Southern Christian environment. Nathan was the second son, and was one of five children, having four brothers and one half-sister.
His father, William Stubblefield, (1830 -1874), was an attorney, educator, a respected Mason, and was a Captain in the Confederate army during the Civil War, (1861 to 1864). The school in which Nathan received his pre-scientific and pre-legal training was the Male and Female Institute. The school was co-founded by Nathan's father, "Capt. Billy"-- in 1871.
In 1874, Capt. Billy created the Stubblefield Family Trust. He endowed the Trust with the schools State charter, his real estate holding, and his law firm assets to benefit the Trust on behalf of his family. - Click to Continue 01 - next page




Continue 01 - • By 1892 and 1907, respectfully, the Family Trusts' Male and Female Institute, and pre-college academe system included; the Nathan Stubblefield Industrial School, and Teléph-on-délgreen Industrial School. The 82 acre campus is now part of the Murray State University. - SEE MURRAY STATE.
•••Believe it or not, there was no electricity or telegraphy in Murray in 1880. In fact, it wasn't until 1885, that the Southern States of the U.S., had their first land-line Telegraphy and Telephony office. The T&T office was established by NBS, utilizing his patented Mechanical Telephone system that didn't require electricity. In fact the big seller in 1885, was the "Carrie Lamp Lighter" -- to facilitate the use of coal lanterns.
By 1892, the area had its first electric RF Wireless Telephone™, and first electrified copper wire installations attached to telegraph land-line's poles. It wasn't until 1944 that Kentucky had a working dam built under the 1933 TVA project. - Click to Continue02 - next page


Continue02 • The only electrical communication system heard about in Murray, was the mechanical wired telephony, and telegraphy. There were no packets of instant cocoa laying around, where all Nathan had to do was add hot water, turn the electric switch on and poof.
But as the story goes, after the Dolbear lecture, - - Nathan's basic innate senses intensified beyond any normal human capacity -- it was like he had an extra sense, "the Sixth Sense." He could communicate with nature's natural energy producing stones like crystals, loadstones and the only thing he had to work with, a compass.
••• In 1992, the Governor of the Commonwealth of Kentucky, issued a proclamation and passed a symbolic official notice, recognizing that Nathan B. Stubblefield was the true inventor of radio, and should be so recognized internationally as such, and that Murray in the Commonwealth of Kentucky be recognized as the birthplace of radio, and that the year 1992 be proclaimed as the NATHAN BEVERLY STUBBLEFIELD YEAR IN KENTUCKY IN RECOGNITION OF HIS ACCOMPLISHMENT - SEE KENTUCKY GOVERNOR'S PROCLAMATION
••• Confirmed by telecommunication historical timelines, other wireless achievers and award winners like Marconi, Tesla and Fessenden did advance their EMW Spark generators to broadcast voice and music, but it is equally clear that when they did, the broadcasts occurred after Stubblefield's demonstrations and patent recordations. England retained the name "wireless" for broadcasting, while the U.S. renamed it, "Radio." - Click to Continue03 - next page

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••• In addition to Stubblefield's pioneering work in wireless RF telecommunications technology, from 1882 to 1898, he was also responsible for important advances in the science of acoustical audio transmission, and to the advancements of the mechanics in the integration of the telephone and the perpendicular antenna. His work with the U.S. Signal Corps in the virtual integration of EMW ground energy voice transmission with land-line sidebanding, hardware and switchboard technology. EMW telephone sideband technology, earned his company, the Flying Machine patent. CLICK TO SEE Flying Machine

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WarnerNBSPromoLogo108w.jpg 102- Nathan B. Stubblefield, the Man History Overheard
By Harvey Geller
•••• In Life's current Bicentennial issue, radio checks in, at #86 on the hot "100 Events That Shaped America," 19 buttons behind Bell's telephone. Erroneously, Life lists Guglielmo Marcon's dots and dashes as the first wireless broadcast, a fable echoed by the World Almanac and Encyclopedia Britannica. It's a forgivable mumpsimus, since the evidence offered on the following pages has not, until now, appeared in any national publication.
•••• The birth of broadcasting is a bizarre soap opera saga, a lacrymal legend of mystery, machination, ephemeral enshrinement, decline, disillusionment and disaster. It's denouncement dissolves six miles north of Murray, Kentucky, in a two-room shanty constructed of pine and cornstalks, where radio's uncelebrated architect is discovered 48 hours after his death, his records scattered, his equipment destroyed, his brain partly eaten by rats. Even local radio fails to mention his demise. He is Nathan Bernard Stubblefield, the man history over-heard and then overlooked.

"They all laughed at Christopher Columbus
When he said the world
was round:
They all laughed when
Edison recorded sound . . .
Ha, Ha, Ha -- who's got the
last laugh now?"
--Ira Gershwin, 1937

NBSPatent02AutoDraw108w.jpgWhen an inordinately eccentric young farmer suggested that he had invented a portable wireless telephone that could broadcast voice and music up over hight buildings and down through stone walls, most of Calloway County, Kentucky, chuckled. When he revealed his "crazy box, and odd assortment of batteries, rods, coils and kegs, they howled.
•••85 years after, their heirs are writing songs of love, christening radio stations, consecrating libraries and constructing memorial monuments in his infinite honor. The veneration is hardly widespread. 17,000 Murray, Kentucky, tobacco farmers may agree that Nathan B Stubblefield was the first man on earth to transmit and receive the human voice without wires. But most of our world is unacquainted with his improbable name and even his proponents are unaware of the precise date of his private discovery. Evidence points to a period between 1890 and 1892, at least seven years before Marconi sent the first wireless telegraph message across the English Channel.
••• Stubblefield's supporters maintain that telegraphy is far different from telephony; that they are, I fact, diverse discoveries. Wireless telephone is hip-to-shore radio, the walkie-talkie, the citizen band and portable radio, the mobile phone, the audio arm of television, rheostats, rectifying tubes, filaments, dials, microphones, AM and FM radio and every broadcasting booth on earth--not Marconi's Code signals.
•••Marconi's name is linked with Stubblefield's by Trumbull White in a book called The World's Progress, published in 1902. "Of very recent success are the experiments of Marconi with wireless telegraphy, an astounding and important advance over the ordinary system of telegraphy through wires. Now comes the announcement that an American inventor, unheralded and modest, has carried out successful experiments of telephoning and is able to transmit speech for great distances without wires . . the inventor is Nathan B. Stubblefield."
••• "This Fellow Is Fooling me."
•••"Hello, Rainey," according to Dr. Rainey T. Wells, founder of Murray State College, was the world's first radio message. Testifying before an FCC commission in 1947, Rainey explained that he had personally heard Stubblefield demonstrate his wireless telephone as early as 1892.
NBSBernardWindowWiFi108w.jpg••"He had a shack about four feet square near his house from which he took an ordinary telephone receiver, but entirely without wires. Handing me these, he asked me to walk some distance away and listen. I had hardly reached my post, which happened to be an apple orchard, when I heard 'Hello, Rainey' come booming out of the receiver. I jumped a foot and said to myself, 'This fellow is fooling me. He as wires somewhere.' So I moved to the side some 20 feet but all the while he kept talking to me. I talked back and he answered me as plainly as you please. I asked him to patent the thing but he refused, saying he wanted to continue his research and perfect it."
•••Dr. William Mason, Stubblefield's family physician, described a day during that same year when Stubblefield "handed me a device in what appeared to be a keg with a handle on it. I started walking down the lane . . . from it I could distinctly hear his voice and a harmonica which he was broadcasting to me several years before Marconi made his announcement about wireless telegraphy."
•••••• Stubblefield was born in Murray, Kentucky, 1860 the son of Attorney and Mrs. William Jefferson Stubblefield (Capt. Billy). In his teens he was reportedly an omnivorous student and researched everything available on the new science of electricity. When Alexander Bel phoned Tom Watson on March 10, 1876, to say "Come here, Watson; I want you," Stubblefield was already experimenting with vibrating communication devices. In 1888 (Patent #378,183) he invented a vibrating telephone. The Murray News Weekly carried this item: "Charlie Hamlin has his telephone I fine working order from his store to his home. It is the Nathan Stubblefield patent and is the best I have ever talked through."
•••Stubblefield manufactured and patented batteries which he later described as "the bedrock of all my scientific research in raidio" (his spelling).
•••••• "I have been working on this, the wireless telephone, for 10 or 12 years," he told a St. Louis Post-Dispatch correspondent in January, 1902. "This solution is not the result of an inspiration or the work of a minute. It is the climax of years. The system can be developed until messages by voice can be sent and heard all over the country, even to Europe. The world is it limits."

/Images-00kudoad+/680Cov=Amazon108w.jpg"Diamonds as Large a Your Thumb."
•••With the new industrial and scientific epoch at hand and the first Roosevelt in the White House, Stubblefield built his broadcasting station, a tiny workshop on the front porch of his modest farmhouse. It was barely wide enough to hold the transmitter and one char. The transmitting mechanism was concealed in a box four feet hight,tow and a half feet wide, one and a half feet deep. "In that box," said Stubblefield, "lies the secret of my success." Five hundred yards away was the experimental receiving station, a dry-good box fastened to the foot of a tree stump.
•••The St. Louis Post-Dispatch reporter noted that Stubblefield's 14-year-old son, Bernard, was left on the porch wile h and the inventor walked to the stump. The writer picked up a receiver and heard spasmodic buzzings and then: "Hello. Can you hear me? Now I will count ten. One-to-three-four-=five-six-seven-eight-nine-ten. Did you hear that? Now I will whisper." Later Bernard whistled and played the mouth organ.
•••"I heard as clearly as if the speaker were only across a 12-foot room" wrote the newsman.
•••When the article appeared on January 10, 1902, Stubblefield was besieged by capitalists, financiers, stock-jugglers, hucksters and hawkers. Dr. Mason recalled seeing a $40,000 check for a part interest in the invention, as titans of industry "wearing diamonds as large as your thumb" scuttled up industry dirt roads to Stubblefield's flinty farm.
•••"You and I will yet add luster to the Stubblefield name," wrote Nathan to his cousin, Vernon.
•••He refused all propositions, including one for half a million dollars. "It is north twice that," he insisted, entrusting only his son, Bernard, with the secret of his mysterious keg. On occasion he repelled over-inquisitive visitors with a shotgun.
•••Invited by leading scientist, he traveled with his trunk of mystery to Washington, D.C., where he demonstrated the practicability of his contrivance from the steamship Bartholdy on the Potomac to crowds along the river bank. On Decoration Day, 1902, he broadcast words and music form the Belmont Mansion and Fairmont Park in Philadelphia to hundreds of statesmen, investors and newsmen. He obtained patents in England, the U.S. and Canada.
•••• In the Canadian patent is a drawing of a "horseless carriage" with a broadcasting set, presaging the auto radio by 30 years. But perhaps even more remarkable are notations that by reversing a switch one could change a broadcasting station into a receiving apparatus.
•••• Articles appeared in major newspapers throughout the world acclaiming him as the distinguished inventor of the wireless telephone and a celebrated scientific genius. At lease one extravagant reporter suggested that Stubblefield ad crated "the world's greatest invention."

%5E%3D%A5SMART90MAY-%40mac150/ImagesStub/stubtelephondelgreen108w.jpgDecline and Fall.
•••• There are three conflicting theories on how this farmer-inventor sowed the wind of immortality and reaped the whirlwind of oblivion. His cousin, Vernon, claimed the invention was stolen

"Will I ever see my trunk again?" Stubblefield scribbled on the back of an old map after he returned from Washington.
•••• "All his valuables were in that trunk," said his cousin.
•••• Perry Meloan, newspaper editor of Edmonton, Kentucky, an ear-witness to the first public demonstration in Murray, declared that Stubblefield was inveigled into a partnership in the Wireless Telephone Company of America, located at Broadway 11, New York. Learning that the firm was not interested in perfecting his creation but merely in selling stock unscrupulously, Stubblefield returned home. "Damn rascals," was his bitter comment to friends, and he advised them to withdraw their investment in his project. Soon after, he renounced his wife, nine (5 surviving) children and all relatives and built his hermitage gut in Almo, six miles from his family farmhouse. That farmhouse later mysteriously burned to the ground.
•••• His son, Bernard, joined the Westinghouse Electrical Corp., the firm that introduced the commercial radio. Did Bernard utilize his father's secrets to produce those early sets?
•••• Wireless lights appeared in the trees and along the fences guarding Stubblefield's crudely constructed shanty and, according to neighbors, voices, apparently coming from the air, were heard by trespassers. "Get your mule out of my cornfield," Stubblefield's wireless voice was hard to say in the night.
•••• He curtly refused the aid of friends. "He was never insane," they insisted, "only queer."
•••• Robert McDermott found the body of Nathan Stubblefield on March 30, 1928. "Death due to starvation," was Dr. Mason's conclusion. In a unmarked grave in Bowman's cemetery, one and a half miles form Murray, Stubblefield lies alone.
•••• HarveyGellerPeo108w.jpgIn 1930 a memorial to "the first man to transmit and receive the human voice without wires" was dedicated at Murray State Teachers College campus, less than 100 feet from the charred ruins of the world's first broadcasting station.
•••• In 1962 his tragic life was dramatized in an epicedial folk opera, The Stubblefield Story, composed by Murray State professor Paul Shahan and Mrs. Lillian Lowry and performed in the campus auditorium.
•••• Murray's only radio station, 1 1000-watt outlet, broadcasts "middle of the road and some rock music as well," according to owner Fransuelle Cole. Book-ended between Bruce Springsteen's "Borne to Rune" a a live commercial for Kroger's grocery, on hears. "You are tune to WNBS, 1340 on your radio dial in Murray, Kentucky: the birthplace of radio."
•••• The stations call-letters, not accidentally, are Stubblefield's initials.
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TIMELINE / Nathan Stubblefield Patents

1885 - PATENT GRANTED: Stubblefield's U.S. Coal-Oil-Lamp Lighter, Patent No. 329,864, Ligthing Device Filed Feb. 21, 1885, Granted Nov. 3, 1885. / Click MORE STORY TO GO DIRECTLY TO U.S. Patent Office -- his was the first of four patents filed by the 25- year-old, Nathan B. Stubblefield of Murray, Kentucky.

1888 0221 - PATENT GRANTED: Stubblefield's U.S. Patent No. 378,183, Mechanical Telephone, Filed February 10, 1987, Granted February 21, 1888. / Click to MORE STORY TO GO DIRECTLY TO U.S. Patent Office. Nathan B. Stubblefield and Samuel C. Holcomb patent their mechanical "vibrating" telephone system. The first permanent mechanical telephone installation was in Murray, Kentucky to demonstrate and sell franchised telephone rights or territorial deeds around the United States.
1897 0713 - GET Transmitting Electrical Signals by Ruhmkorff Coil Patent - (Dit Dahs, No Voice) - Guglielmo Marconi, Electromagnetic Spark Transmitting apparatus, was granted on July 13, 1897, United States Patent No. 586,193./ GET/ Click MORE STORY TO GO DIRECTLY TO U.S. Patent Office -- The apparatus could transmit damped electromagnetic waves, utilized a Ruhmkorff coil. (see - 1895). The first permanent wireless telegraph installation was constructed at The Needles on the Isle of Wight, Great Britain, by Marconi's wireless Telegraph Co. Ltd, in November 1897.

1898 0308 - PATENT GRANTED: Stubblefield's U. S. Patent No. 600,457, Wireless Telephone Transmission Coil Patent, Electrical Battery, Filed Oct. 24, 1896, Granted March 8, 1898. / Click MORE STORY TO GO DIRECTLY TO U.S. Patent Office. PATENT WAS ISSUED as an the ELECTROLYTIC COIL. The Patent was referred to as the: Electrolitic Water Battery, the Electrolitic Oscillating Coil, the Induction Coil, Earth Battery, Undamped Transmitting Coils, The Stubblefield Electrolytic Detector. Stubblefield's grounded bare wired Antenna System was part of his system to transmit continuous voice or telegraph signals without wires through a single aerial tower. The first permanent wireless telephone broadcasting installation in the world, (the precursor to AM Radio) -- was erected by Stubblefield's Teleph-on-del-green Industrial College, in January, 1892. The location is now part of Murray State University, Murray, Kentucky, U.S.A. The transmitter and receivers were usually placed 200 feet apart for demonstrations. The electromagnetic coils were also the precursor for today's "Firewire" and battery operated implants in today's world of broadband streaming video and electro/heartstimulus technology.
1905 - PATENT LAWS - Revised (1905, STATUTE: SEC. 4886).
1908 0512 - PATENT GRANTED: Stubblefield's U.S. Patent, Number 887,357, All Purpose Wireless Telephone, Filed April 5, 1907, Granted May 12, 1908. / Click MORE STORY TO GO DIRECTLY TO U.S. Patent Office - (Patent Expires May 12, 1925) CLICK ANY IMAGE TO VIEW PATENT

1912 1210 - PATENT GRANTED: Stubblefield's U.S. Patent Number 1046895, Flying Machine, Filed Jan. 19, 1912, Granted December 10, 1912; / Click MORE STORY TO GO DIRECTLY TO U.S. Patent Office -- Letters Patent granted Stubblefield for 17 years from December 10, 1912 (expired Dec. 10, 1929). Applied in the name of son


Canadian patent 114,737, "Wireless Telephone" dated October 20, 1908

"NOW, THEREFORE, I, WALLACE G. WILKINSON, Governor of the Commonwealth of Kentucky, do hereby proclaim that Nathan B. Stubblefield is the true inventor of radio and should be so recognized internationally as such, and that Murray in the Commonwealth of Kentucky be recognized as the birthplace of radio, and that the year 1992 be proclaimed as NATHAN BEVERLY STUBBLEFIELD YEAR IN KENTUCKY IN RECOGNITION OF HIS ACCOMPLISHMENT, ON THE OCCASION OF THE 100TH ANNIVERSARY OF HIS ACHIEVEMENT. Signed 29th day of April, 1991." SEE KENTUCKY GOVERNOR'S PROCLAMATION

03 / QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS ABOUT ANTENNA'S / This introduction is a brief guide to Q&A most about Nathan and the antenna's he used to transmit voice through space. The complete answers are found in Part 02 of the Antenna. • MORE ABOUT THE ANTENNA - Part 02
Yes - The attorney for DeForest changed the name from "wireless" to "Radio" when incorporating his stock company in 1907. The DeFerest Group knew they had to break away from the control of the NBS Wireless Telephone™ Patents and AT&T's control of Land-lines. - SEE THE FESSENDEN vs AT&T 1928 LAW SUIT. SEE ALSO Smart-Daaf Boy TIMELINE.
Why all this bother about a Radio ground connection?
But how did Nathan plug his RF circuit - the transmitter/receiver combo into space and ground at the same time?
But how could a potential exist when the entire signal flows through the air?
What Is Induction Radio? MORE ABOUT THE ANTENNA - Part 02

Related Stories / Stubblefield is the Inventor of the Wireless Telephone and RF Antenna system, and holder of the first Public Demonstrations transmitting voice and music through space between 1892 -1908.


Part02 ImagesCSnews/TroyCigDdiaries0246w.jpg

Excerpts found on this page are from: "Nathan B. Stubblefield, the Radio Boy" & "The SMART-DAAF BOYS"™©1992 and "Disappointments Are Great, Follow the Money, The Internet - D-diaries - ©2006 - By Troy and Josie Cory-Stubblefield • ISBN 1-883644-34-8 • Library of Congress Catalog # TX 5-967-411
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Timeline / Inventions

1882 - Transmitted audio frequency electromagnetic signals (supporting citation needed)
1885 - Transmitted the human voice, using his induction coil transmitter (supporting citation needed)
1892 - First to broadcast human voice, using his wireless telephone attached to a ground electrodes
1898 - May 8: patented "electric battery" (wireless telephone transmission coil)
1902 - First Ship-to-shore wireless telephone broadcast, using wires dropped in the water from the steamer Bartholdi
1908 - Patented the all-in-one Wireless Telephone for auto/ship/train: U.S. Patent 887357.
Troy Cory-Stubblefield and Josie Cory, Disappointments Are Great! Follow the Money... Smart Daaf Boys, The Inventors of Radio & Television and the Life Style of Stubblefield,
Marconi, Ambrose Fleming, Reginald Fessenden, Tesla, ... DeForest, Armstrong, Alexanderson and Farnsworth, 2003, Library of Congress Catalog Card #93-060451, ISBN 1883644348, (SMART denotes Stubblefield, Marconi, Ambrose Fleming, Reginald Fessenden and Tesla, and DAAF denotes, DeForest, Armstrong, Alexanderson and Farnsworth) This is a bibliography of manuscripts of these inventors.


U.S. Patent 887357 Patent - "Wireless telephone" - May 12, 1908.


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